First case of Tourette Syndrome was diagnosed over 150 years ago. Motor and vocal tics, which tend to repeat thorough the day are the main symptoms of TS. The number, intensity and nature of tics changes over time.
We can find reports from Middle Ages, where the symptoms were described as a sign of being possessed by devil and although at some point this theory was given up, the causes were still unknown. The very first case of TS in aristocracy (marchioness de Dampierre) was reported in France, in 1825 by Itard. Following, a French neurologist and neuropsychiatrist, Gilles de la Tourette described 9 cases of the syndrome, observed whilst working at the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris, in 1885. He emphasised in his reports tridy of tics, urge to say vulgar words and echolalia (repeating what othersare saying).
One of the doctors specialising in psychoanalysis claimed that tics are an effect of suppressed anger, which then manifest itself in violent attacks. Hence, he encouraged patients to express their anger in the most open ways. This theory dominated for quite a while, until 1960, when new drug was introduced, which partially or totally reduced the symptoms. Today we know that TS is a neurological disorder related to dysfunction of dopamine system, a disorder in which part of the brain responsible for feeling urges is not working correctly.
It was primarilythought that TS was a very rare disorder. In the years from 1825 to 1900 23 articles were published in medical literature, most of them merely case descriptions. Published in 1973 international register reported only 485 cases in the whole world. Nevertheless, since then the literature has expanded and many patients now have documentation of their disorder.
Die Tourette-Gesellschaft Polen e.V. unterstützt die Tourette-Syndrom Betroffenen und ihre Angehörigen, indem sie eine Plattform für gegenseiteige Kontakte schafft und das Wissen über die Natur der Erkrankung und ihre Behandlungsmethoden zusammenträgt und an die Öffentlichkeit bringt.Für die Umsetzung dieser Ziele betreibt die Gesellschaft Beratungs-, Informations- und verlegerische Tätigkeit . Der Verein arbeitet mit Spezialisten und Institutionen aus dem Bereich der Edukation, des Gesundheitswesens und der Forschung zusammen.
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